Top 10 Questions & Answers

Sugar acts like an acid dissolving the enamel on teeth. Each time you eat a snack containing sugar, the resulting acid attack can last up to 20 minutes. The naturally-occurring bacteria in the mouth use sugar as energy to multiply and stick themselves to the surface of a tooth. Over time, this turns into plaque and continues to eat away at the tooth’s enamel. Tiny holes will eventually be made in the enamel. These are cavities. Left un-treated cavities will continue to grow.

Kid Stuff
Cheese Whiz 2g per 30g serving (2 tbsp)
Kraft chunky peanut butter 1g per 15g (1 tbsp)
Honey 16g per 15g (1 tbsp)
Heinz ketchup 4g per 15g (1 tbsp)
Classico pasta sauce 6g per 125mL
Sugar in fruits Sugar content (g/100 gram food)
Peaches, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids 18.64
Grapes, red or green, raw 15.48
Mangos, raw 14.80
Bananas, raw 12.23
Apple juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened 10.90
Apples, raw, with skin 10.39
Peaches, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids 10.27
Blueberry, raw 9.96
Apricots, raw 9.23
Plums, raw 9.92
Kiwi fruit, fresh, raw 8.99
Peaches, raw 8.39
Melons, honeydew, raw 8.12
Melons, cantaloupe, raw 7.86
Papayas, raw 5.90
Strawberries, raw 4.67
Corn, sweet, white, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.06
Corn, sweet, yellow, frozen, kernels on cob, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 3.59
LOW Sugar content foods Sugar content in grams/ 100 gram food
Beans, baked, canned, with franks 6.5
Bread, whole-wheat, commercially prepared, toasted 6.3
Rolls, hamburger or hotdog, plain 6.3
Watermelon, raw 6.2
Miso 6.2
Bread, raisin, toasted, enriched 6.2
Bread, wheat 6.0
Papayas, raw 5.9
Sweet potato, cooked, boiled, without skin 5.7
Milk, nonfat, fluid, with added vitamin A (fat free or skim) 5.1
Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, with added vitamin A 5.1
Bagels, plain, enriched, with calcium propionate (includes onion, poppy, sesame) 5.1
Waffles, plain, frozen, ready -to-heat, toasted 5.0
Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, light 5.0
Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, plain 5.0
Blackberries, raw 4.9
Tomato products, canned, puree, without salt added 4.8
Peas, edible-podded, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.8
Parsnips, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.8
Carrots, baby, raw 4.8
Chickpeas, cooked, boiled, without salt 4.8
Nuts, almonds 4.8
Milk, buttermilk, fluid, cultured, lowfat 4.8
Strawberries, raw 4.7
Yogurt, plain, whole milk, 8 grams protein per 8 ounce 4.7
Nuts, mixed nuts, dry roasted, with peanuts, with salt added 4.7
Peas, green, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.7
Carrots, raw 4.5
Onions, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.5
Bologna, beef and pork 4.4
Raspberries, raw 4.4
Peppers, sweet, red, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt 4.4
Peanuts, all types, dry-roasted 4.2
Peas, green, canned, regular pack, drained solids 4.2
Other Sugar Content Foods Sugar content in grams/ 100 gram food
Fruit cocktail, (peach and pineapple and pear and grape and cherry), canned, heavy syrup, solids and liquids 17.9
Puddings, chocolate, ready-to-eat 17.8
Cookies, molasses 17.6
Pineapple, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids 16.9
Soup, beef broth or bouillon, powder, dry 16.7
Applesauce, canned, sweetened, without salt 16.5
Tangerines, (mandarin oranges), canned, light syrup pack 15.5
Grapes, red or green (european type varieties, such as, Thompson seedless), raw 15.5
Pears, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids 15.2
Cookies, shortbread, commercially prepared, plain 15.1
Grapefruit, sections, canned, light syrup pack, solids and liquids 15.0
Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added vitamin C 14.9
Mangos, raw 14.8
Pineapple, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids 14.4
Pineapple, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids 14.4
Frozen novelties, ice type, pop 13.7
Crackers, wheat, regular 13.0
Cherries, sweet, raw 12.8
Bananas, raw 12.2
Cranberry juice cocktail, bottled 11.9
Tangerine juice, canned, sweetened 11.8
Pineapple and orange juice drink, canned 11.6
Pineapple and grapefruit juice drink, canned 11.5
Fruit punch drink, with added nutrients, canned 11.3
Croissants, butter 11.3
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, KIX 11.0
Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL Corn Flakes 11.0
Apple juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added ascorbic acid 10.9
Fruit cocktail, (peach and pineapple and pear and grape and cherry), canned, juice pack, solids and liquids 10.9
Tangerines, (mandarin oranges), raw 10.6
Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG’S Corn Flakes 10.5

Children and adults should consume no more than 10% of their daily calories in sugar.

Average daily calorie consumption, by age group and sex, household population aged 5 or older, Canada excluding territories

Age group 2004 Average Calories 10 % Calories Grams of sugar
(4 calories/g)
5 to 11 2,041 204 51
12 to 19
Male 2,806 281 70
Female 2,047 205 51
20 to 39
Male 2,660 266 66
Female 1,899 190 47
40 to 64
Male 2,345 235 58
Female 1,757 176 44
65 or older
Male 1,948 195 48
Female 1,544 154 38
NOTE: excludes women who were pregnant or breastfeeding. Estimates of energy intake include calories from alcoholic beverages. Source: 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey


Healthy teeth come in a wide range of different shades of white. Tooth enamel can be stained by food (e.g. coffee, tea or red wine), by medications and by smoking. Teeth also change colour over time as a natural process of aging.

Sugar attacks the enamel on your teeth and can lead to cavities. You can avoid the damaging effects of sugar by brushing and flossing your teeth two to three times a day and limiting the amount of sugary foods and snacks you eat and drink.

There is a natural, age-related decrease in our sense of taste and smell. In addition, certain medications, diseases and even wearing dentures can contribute to a decrease in the sense of taste.

a) Tooth decay

Cavities are the most common chronic disease in children. When caught early cavities can almost always be treated. The problem with cavities is much worse than decay in the tooth. Left untreated, childhood cavities lead to infection, pain, chewing problems, malnutrition, speech problems . . . and the list goes on. Stopping cavities before they even start is the goal. Setting a daily routine for good oral hygiene habits, including brushing and flossing is a start. Regular visits to the dentist are the most important thing to do and are key in maintaining oral health.

b) Injury

Falls, accidents and unexpected trauma (like biting into something hard) can chip, crack, or even knock out baby teeth. Discourage children from biting into hard candies or other foods and explain why. Use mouthguards and helmets during sports and activities. Caution children to never walk or run with anything in their mouths.

c) Congenital issues

Congenital conditions may include structural issues (abnormal enamel or dentin formation); unusual tooth position, size or shape of baby teeth; or even missing teeth, where the baby tooth doesn’t develop properly in the jawbone prior to coming in. Consult a dentist for information and treatment options.


Crooked teeth (known as malocclusions) can occur for a number of reasons; such as: thumb-sucking, genetic influences, allergies and breathing habits.

Yes. A soft-bristled toothbrush works well to clean full or partial dentures. There are also brushes specially designed for cleaning dentures, which have bristles arranged to fit the shape of the denture. Avoid hard bristles which will damage the surface of the denture. Denture cleaners, hand soap or mild dishwashing liquid are suggested for cleaning, as toothpastes are too abrasive.

Denture wearers should pay attention to their mouths, even if they have no or few teeth remaining. Mouths should be brushed with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste twice a day. Pay special attention to cleaning teeth that fit under the denture’s metal clasps. Plaque that becomes trapped under these clasps will increase the risk of tooth decay.

Although baby teeth fall out and get replaced by permanent teeth, they are vital. Baby teeth are needed for eating, talking and smile development.

As baby teeth come in, foods requiring chewing and biting are introduced into a child’s diet. These foods provide nutrition as children grow.

Baby teeth are also important in helping children reach speech milestones. The tongue and the teeth are key to forming sounds and making words.

Permanent teeth form in the jawbone and eventually push out the baby teeth. Properly maintained baby teeth help act as a space maintainer to guide permanent teeth into the correct position.