Sugar acts like an acid dissolving the enamel on teeth. Each time you eat a snack containing sugar, the resulting acid attack can last up to 20 minutes. The naturally-occurring bacteria in the mouth use sugar as energy to multiply and stick themselves to the surface of a tooth. Over time, this turns into plaque and continues to eat away at the tooth’s enamel. Tiny holes will eventually be made in the enamel. These are cavities. Left un-treated cavities will continue to grow.
|Cheese Whiz||2g per 30g serving (2 tbsp)|
|Kraft chunky peanut butter||1g per 15g (1 tbsp)|
|Honey||16g per 15g (1 tbsp)|
|Heinz ketchup||4g per 15g (1 tbsp)|
|Classico pasta sauce||6g per 125mL|
|Sugar in fruits||Sugar content (g/100 gram food)|
|Peaches, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids||18.64|
|Grapes, red or green, raw||15.48|
|Apple juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened||10.90|
|Apples, raw, with skin||10.39|
|Peaches, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids||10.27|
|Kiwi fruit, fresh, raw||8.99|
|Melons, honeydew, raw||8.12|
|Melons, cantaloupe, raw||7.86|
|Corn, sweet, white, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.06|
|Corn, sweet, yellow, frozen, kernels on cob, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||3.59|
|LOW Sugar content foods||Sugar content in grams/ 100 gram food|
|Beans, baked, canned, with franks||6.5|
|Bread, whole-wheat, commercially prepared, toasted||6.3|
|Rolls, hamburger or hotdog, plain||6.3|
|Bread, raisin, toasted, enriched||6.2|
|Sweet potato, cooked, boiled, without skin||5.7|
|Milk, nonfat, fluid, with added vitamin A (fat free or skim)||5.1|
|Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, with added vitamin A||5.1|
|Bagels, plain, enriched, with calcium propionate (includes onion, poppy, sesame)||5.1|
|Waffles, plain, frozen, ready -to-heat, toasted||5.0|
|Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, light||5.0|
|Snacks, potato chips, made from dried potatoes, plain||5.0|
|Tomato products, canned, puree, without salt added||4.8|
|Peas, edible-podded, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.8|
|Parsnips, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.8|
|Carrots, baby, raw||4.8|
|Chickpeas, cooked, boiled, without salt||4.8|
|Milk, buttermilk, fluid, cultured, lowfat||4.8|
|Yogurt, plain, whole milk, 8 grams protein per 8 ounce||4.7|
|Nuts, mixed nuts, dry roasted, with peanuts, with salt added||4.7|
|Peas, green, frozen, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.7|
|Onions, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.5|
|Bologna, beef and pork||4.4|
|Peppers, sweet, red, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt||4.4|
|Peanuts, all types, dry-roasted||4.2|
|Peas, green, canned, regular pack, drained solids||4.2|
|Other Sugar Content Foods||Sugar content in grams/ 100 gram food|
|Fruit cocktail, (peach and pineapple and pear and grape and cherry), canned, heavy syrup, solids and liquids||17.9|
|Puddings, chocolate, ready-to-eat||17.8|
|Pineapple, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids||16.9|
|Soup, beef broth or bouillon, powder, dry||16.7|
|Applesauce, canned, sweetened, without salt||16.5|
|Tangerines, (mandarin oranges), canned, light syrup pack||15.5|
|Grapes, red or green (european type varieties, such as, Thompson seedless), raw||15.5|
|Pears, canned, heavy syrup pack, solids and liquids||15.2|
|Cookies, shortbread, commercially prepared, plain||15.1|
|Grapefruit, sections, canned, light syrup pack, solids and liquids||15.0|
|Grape juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added vitamin C||14.9|
|Pineapple, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids||14.4|
|Pineapple, canned, juice pack, solids and liquids||14.4|
|Frozen novelties, ice type, pop||13.7|
|Crackers, wheat, regular||13.0|
|Cherries, sweet, raw||12.8|
|Cranberry juice cocktail, bottled||11.9|
|Tangerine juice, canned, sweetened||11.8|
|Pineapple and orange juice drink, canned||11.6|
|Pineapple and grapefruit juice drink, canned||11.5|
|Fruit punch drink, with added nutrients, canned||11.3|
|Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, KIX||11.0|
|Cereals ready-to-eat, GENERAL MILLS, TOTAL Corn Flakes||11.0|
|Apple juice, canned or bottled, unsweetened, without added ascorbic acid||10.9|
|Fruit cocktail, (peach and pineapple and pear and grape and cherry), canned, juice pack, solids and liquids||10.9|
|Tangerines, (mandarin oranges), raw||10.6|
|Cereals ready-to-eat, KELLOGG, KELLOGG’S Corn Flakes||10.5|
Children and adults should consume no more than 10% of their daily calories in sugar.
Average daily calorie consumption, by age group and sex, household population aged 5 or older, Canada excluding territories
|Age group||2004 Average Calories||10 % Calories||Grams of sugar
|5 to 11||2,041||204||51|
|12 to 19|
|20 to 39|
|40 to 64|
|65 or older|
|NOTE: excludes women who were pregnant or breastfeeding. Estimates of energy intake include calories from alcoholic beverages. Source: 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey|
Healthy teeth come in a wide range of different shades of white. Tooth enamel can be stained by food (e.g. coffee, tea or red wine), by medications and by smoking. Teeth also change colour over time as a natural process of aging.
Sugar attacks the enamel on your teeth and can lead to cavities. You can avoid the damaging effects of sugar by brushing and flossing your teeth two to three times a day and limiting the amount of sugary foods and snacks you eat and drink.
There is a natural, age-related decrease in our sense of taste and smell. In addition, certain medications, diseases and even wearing dentures can contribute to a decrease in the sense of taste.
a) Tooth decay
Cavities are the most common chronic disease in children. When caught early cavities can almost always be treated. The problem with cavities is much worse than decay in the tooth. Left untreated, childhood cavities lead to infection, pain, chewing problems, malnutrition, speech problems . . . and the list goes on. Stopping cavities before they even start is the goal. Setting a daily routine for good oral hygiene habits, including brushing and flossing is a start. Regular visits to the dentist are the most important thing to do and are key in maintaining oral health.
Falls, accidents and unexpected trauma (like biting into something hard) can chip, crack, or even knock out baby teeth. Discourage children from biting into hard candies or other foods and explain why. Use mouthguards and helmets during sports and activities. Caution children to never walk or run with anything in their mouths.
c) Congenital issues
Congenital conditions may include structural issues (abnormal enamel or dentin formation); unusual tooth position, size or shape of baby teeth; or even missing teeth, where the baby tooth doesn’t develop properly in the jawbone prior to coming in. Consult a dentist for information and treatment options.
Crooked teeth (known as malocclusions) can occur for a number of reasons; such as: thumb-sucking, genetic influences, allergies and breathing habits.
Yes. A soft-bristled toothbrush works well to clean full or partial dentures. There are also brushes specially designed for cleaning dentures, which have bristles arranged to fit the shape of the denture. Avoid hard bristles which will damage the surface of the denture. Denture cleaners, hand soap or mild dishwashing liquid are suggested for cleaning, as toothpastes are too abrasive.
Denture wearers should pay attention to their mouths, even if they have no or few teeth remaining. Mouths should be brushed with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste twice a day. Pay special attention to cleaning teeth that fit under the denture’s metal clasps. Plaque that becomes trapped under these clasps will increase the risk of tooth decay.
Although baby teeth fall out and get replaced by permanent teeth, they are vital. Baby teeth are needed for eating, talking and smile development.
As baby teeth come in, foods requiring chewing and biting are introduced into a child’s diet. These foods provide nutrition as children grow.
Baby teeth are also important in helping children reach speech milestones. The tongue and the teeth are key to forming sounds and making words.
Permanent teeth form in the jawbone and eventually push out the baby teeth. Properly maintained baby teeth help act as a space maintainer to guide permanent teeth into the correct position.